Christmas Island

Quick Overview

Capital: Flying Fish Cove
Population: 1,843
Official language: English
Time zone: Christmas Island Time (CIT)
Emergency #: 000
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: No
Climate Info

Christmas Island: Travel Health Information

Christmas Island is an external territory of Australia located in the Indian Ocean. The island is largely covered by rainforest and features many natural attractions such as blowholes, grottos, and wildlife. Christmas Island has one port, Flying Fish Cove, and one airport. 


The standards for patient care and medical services on Christmas Island may differ from your home country. Medical care that meets international standards is available, but is limited. Christmas Island Hospital, the only hospital on the island, provides essential medical services. Healthcare specialists are brought in to provide services such as orthopedics, women’s health, pediatrics, ophthalmology, and radiology, but travel to Australia is often required for specialized care.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Upfront payment with cash is typically required, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Complex medical emergencies may require evacuation to Perth, Australia. You should ensure you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance, including evacuation. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Christmas Island.

Pharmacies and medications

Pharmacies are stocked with routine medications and supplies, but special medications may be limited or require shipment which can take approximately a week. 

If you are travelling with medication, check with Australia's embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Driving is the main method of transportation on the island and roads are well maintained. Drivers should exercise caution on roads in the National Park and more remote areas of the island which are often narrow and unpaved. Driving occurs on the left-hand side of the road.

  • Australian Government: Christmas Island.
  • Commonwealth of Australia. (2004). Indian Ocean Territories: Review of the Annual Reports of the Department of Transport and Regional Services and the Department of the Environment and Heritage. Chapter 6: Health and community care. Canberra : Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia.
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