Quick Overview

Capital: Jakarta
Population: 261.1 million
Official language: Indonesian
Time zones: Western (WIB), Central (WITA), & Eastern Indonesian Time (WIT)
Emergency #: 118
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: Yes
Climate Info

Indonesia: Travel Health Information

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, with 18,110 islands. It features popular travel destinations such as Komodo National Park, Gili Islands, Bukit Beaches, Cross-Borneo Trek, Klungkung Palace and Muara Jambi.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Indonesia may differ from your home country. Indonesia has both public and private health sectors but the quality of care in public hospitals is below international standards, with only some routine medical care available. Most medical care and specialized services are only available in urban areas. In rural areas, travellers may only have access to small clinics that provide basic care. Private hospitals have higher standards of care and are more likely to have English-speaking staff and medical equipment.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Indonesia typically require upfront payment with cash or credit card, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Due to limited healthcare services, medical evacuation to Singapore, Australia, or Thailand is common for medical emergencies. You should ensure you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance, including evacuation. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Indonesia.

Be aware that poor air quality does exist in some areas of Indonesia as a result of volcanic ash plumes and seasonal forest fires. Forest fires typically occur during the dry season (from May to November) in Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Riau Islands. 

Pharmacies and medications 

International chain pharmacies are common in large cities and are generally well stocked. Avoid buying medications from markets or unlicensed pharmacies, as problems with fake medications are a common concern. 

If you are travelling with medication, check with Indonesia's embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a narcotic or psychotropic, you can review Indonesia's regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Road conditions in Indonesia can vary from good to extremely poor. Traffic can be chaotic and dangerous, with buses and trucks often overloaded. There is a national seat belt law for front-seat passengers and most vehicles don’t have seat belts in the back. However, wherever possible passengers should wear their seat belt at all times. Driving occurs on the left-hand side of the road.

  • World Health Organization. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data: Indonesia.
  • World Health Organization. (2013). Global status report on road safety 2015. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2016). WHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2014-2019: Indonesia. World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia.
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