Quick Overview

Capital: Khartoum

Population: 40.53 million

Official language: Arabic, English

Time zone: East Africa Time

Emergency #: 999

Vaccinations required: Yes

Risk of malaria: Yes

Climate Info

Sudan: Travel Health Information

Sudan is known for its history and natural landscapes. Popular attractions include the Meroe and Nubian Pyramids – lesser known pyramids leftover from Ancient Egypt – as well as Suakin Island Ruins, and Precontinent II – the only remaining section of Jacques Cousteau’s underwater village.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Sudan may differ from your home country. Sudan has a public decentralized healthcare system as well as a private sector. Healthcare is implemented on the municipal level, so access to care and quality varies by region. Ongoing political instability has led to decreased healthcare funding. Medical care is extremely limited throughout the country and the quality of care does not meet international standards. The private sector in Sudan includes private clinics, health centres, and hospitals. Private facilities may meet a higher quality standard than their public counterparts.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals and private practitioners in Sudan typically require upfront payment, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Evacuation – possibly to South Africa – will be required for medical emergencies. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance. Coverage for medical evacuation is a high priority for travellers. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Sudan.

Pharmacies and medications

Pharmacies are generally accessible in Sudan although access and quality varies by region. Pharmacists in Sudan are usually trained and regulated. Shortages of essential medications can occur, so travellers should pack a sufficient supply of essential medication for the duration of their trip.

If you are travelling with medication, check with Sudan’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

While highways and major roads in Sudan are paved, many rural are unpaved and poorly maintained. Weather events such as dust and sand storms can also make driving hazardous. Similarly, during the rainy season, many roads may become impassable. Front seat drivers are required to wear seat belts, but all passengers should wear a seat belt for safety. Motorcycle drivers and passengers must wear helmets at all times.

  • Country Reports. Traffic and Road Conditions in Sudan.
  • Tasneem Abdalgfar, Ebrahim M. A. Ebrahim, Luam Ghebrehiwot, Muhammad Hanafiah Juni. Health Care System in Sudan: Review and Analysis of Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, and Threats (SWOT Analysis). Sudan Journal of Medical Sciences.

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