Quick Overview

Capital: Reykjavik
Population: 332, 000
Official language: Icelandic
Time zone: Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
Emergency #: 112
Vaccinations required: No
Risk of malaria: No
Climate Info

Iceland: Travel Health Information

Travellers to Iceland are often drawn to the country’s natural landscapes, including mountains, ocean views, and the northern lights.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Iceland may differ from your home country. Iceland has a public healthcare system that provides a high standard of care. In rural regions, access to healthcare may be limited due to shortages of general practitioners. Many doctors and nurses in Iceland can speak some English.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Iceland require upfront payment in cash or credit, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Iceland.

Pharmacies and medications 

Well-stocked pharmacies are available in major cities. Access to pharmacies is more limited in rural areas. Pharmacies can be privately owned, but a trained and licensed pharmacist must be employed and working in every pharmacy. Prescriptions for medication must be obtained from a doctor.

If you are travelling with medication, check with Iceland’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a psychotropic or narcotic, you can review Iceland’s regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Roads in cities are generally well maintained. In rural areas, drivers should be cautious of factors such as weather conditions and wildlife. Seat belts must be worn by all passengers in vehicles at all times. Helmets must be worn by drivers and passengers of motorcycles at all times.

  • Vaida Bankauskaite, Matthias Halldorsson. Health Care Systems in Transition: Iceland. World Health Organization. (2003).
  • Icelandic Association for Search and Rescue, Tourist Information Center. Safe Travel: Driving in Iceland. Icelandic Association for Search and Rescue.
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