Quick Overview

Capital: Abuja

Population: 190.9 million

Official language: English

Time zone: West Africa Standard Time

Emergency #: 199

Vaccinations required: Yes

Risk of malaria: Yes

Climate Info

Nigeria: Travel Health Information

Nigeria is known for its natural landscapes, wildlife, and culture. Travellers can enjoy several beaches and hike jungle landscapes. Tourists can take in wildlife at the Lekki Conservation area, or visit the bustling city of Lagos. The Makoko floating village is also a popular destination for visitors.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Nigeria may differ from your home country. Nigeria has a public healthcare system and a small private sector. Public healthcare in Nigeria does not meet an adequate standard. Facilities are often poorly maintained and over-crowded, and often lack modern equipment and sufficient supplies. There is a shortage a well-trained physicians and nurses. It is not always possible to maintain proper hygiene standards in Nigeria’s hospitals - especially public facilities – and infections and diseases may pose a risk to patients. Private facilities providing a higher level of care are available, particularly in Lagos.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals and private practitioners in Nigeria typically require upfront payment, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Evacuation to South Africa or Western Europe may be required for complex medical emergencies. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance, including evacuation. Before you depart, check with your insurer about the extent of their coverage in Nigeria.

Pharmacies and medications

Access to pharmacies may be limited in Nigeria - medications are often in short supply and counterfeit medications are very common. Travellers should pack a sufficient supply of essential medication for the duration of their trip.

If you are travelling with medication, check with Nigeria’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Roads in Nigeria are often poorly maintained. Streets are commonly unlit and lack traffic signs. Drivers and passengers of vehicles are required to wear seat belts at all times. Motorcycle drivers and passengers must wear helmets.

  • Country Reports. Traffic and Road Conditions in Nigeria.

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