Quick Overview

Capital: Muscat
Population: 4.63 million
Official language: Arabic
Time zone: Gulf Standard Time (GST)
Emergency #: 9999
Vaccinations required: Yes
Risk of malaria: Yes
Climate Info

Oman: Travel Health Information

Oman is known for its desert and mountain landscapes. Popular sites include the country’s various riverbeds and canyons, such as Wadi Bani Khalid and the castles and forts in the Hajar Mountains.


The standards for patient care and medical services in Oman may differ from your home country. Oman has a growing public healthcare sector as well as privately owned clinics and hospitals. Healthcare in major cities generally meets international standards but may vary by region. Private facilities are perceived to provide a higher standard of care.

In the event of a medical emergency, contact your travel health insurance company immediately. Hospitals in Oman typically require upfront payment in cash or credit card, regardless if you have travel health insurance. Ensure that you have accessible funds to cover upfront fees and adequate travel health insurance.

Pharmacies and medications

Pharmacies are generally located in hospitals and medical centres. Privately owned pharmacies exist, but medicines are not as carefully regulated as in publicly owned pharmacies. Consult a doctor before taking medication and exercise caution when purchasing medication from a private pharmacy.

If you are travelling with medication, check with Oman’s embassy, consulate, or Ministry of Health for details on medication allowances and restrictions. If your medication is a psychotropic or narcotic, you can review Oman’s regulations on the International Narcotics Control Board. Note that these sources may provide incomplete or out-of-date information.

Road safety

Road conditions in Oman are generally adequate, but can vary by region. Poor lighting and wandering livestock can pose a danger to drivers, especially at night. Seat belts are required for all occupants of a vehicle. Motorcycle drivers and passengers must wear a helmet at all times.

  • Country Reports. Traffic and Road Conditions in Oman. Country Reports.
  • Regional Health Systems Observatory. Health System Profile: Oman. World Health Organization. (2006).
  • Regional Office for Eastern Mediterranean. Health Profile 2015: Oman. World Health Organization. (2015).
  • World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2018. Geneva: World Health Organization. (2018).
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